Our People • Associates

Pedro Roffe

Senior Associate (Innovation, Technology and Intellectual Property)

Pedro ROFFE is Senior Associate at ICTSD where he oversees the work of the Programme on Intellectual Property and Development. Mr. Roffe joined ICTSD with 30 years of experience with the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) where his work focused on international aspects of transfer of technology, intellectual property and foreign direct investment.

He is the author of articles and books and responsible for a number of United Nations related publications. Most recently, his published contributions include: International Technology Transfer: The Origins and Aftermath of the United Nations Negotiations on a Draft Code of Conduct; Bilateral Agreements and a TRIPS-Plus World: the Chile-USA Free Trade Agreement; Resource Book on TRIPS and Development; Negotiating Health: Intellectual Property and Access to Medicines; America Latina y la Nueva Arquitectura Internacional de la Propiedad Intelectual.

Mr. Roffe graduated from the Faculty of Law of the Universidad de Chile and made postgraduate studies at New York University, Europa Institute (University of Amsterdam) and the Graduate Institute of International Studies (Geneva). He is of Chilean nationality.

PUBLICATIONS (includes articles, notes, books and reports authored or co-authored by Pedro Roffe and collective works that he has been involved in his official capacity or otherwise)

  • Roffe, Pedro (1974), Abuses of patent monopoly: A Legal Appraisal, World Development, Vol. 2 No. 9 (September).
  • United Nations(1975), The role of the patent system in the transfer of technology to developing countries, New York.
  • Roffe, Pedro (1979), Reflections on current attempts to revise international legal structures:  the North-South dialogue, 9 Georgia J. International and Comp. L. 559.
  • Roffe, Pedro (1980), Séptima Conferencia de Revisión del Convenio de Paris para la protección de la Propiedad Industrial, 2 Revista del Derecho Industrial 123.
  • Roffe, Pedro (1983) Innovación tecnológica y riesgos financieros, 8 Revista del Derecho Industrial 113.
  • Roffe, Pedro (1984), UNCTAD: transfer of technology code, 18 Journal of World Trade Law 176.
  • Roffe, Pedro (1984), Calvo y su vigencia en América Latina, 9 Revista del Derecho Industrial 353.
  • Roffe, Pedro (1985), Transfer of technology:  UNCTAD’s draft international code of conduct, 19 International Lawyer 689.
  • Roffe, Pedro (1988), Evolución histórica del sistema de la propiedad intelectual y su importancia actual, Comercio Exterior (Mexico).
  • Roffe, Pedro (1989), La propiedad intelectual y el comercio internacional: las negociaciones multilaterales en el GATT, Integración Latinoamericana” (Nov.).
  • Roffe, Pedro (1991), Technology issues in the international agenda:  a review of two decades of multilateral deliberations in the UN and GATT, Law of the Sea at the Crossroads:  The Continuing Search for a Universally Accepted Regime, Duncker and Humbolt, Berlin.
  • Roffe, Pedro (1992), Un reexamen de las políticas e instrumentos tecnológicos con especial énfasis en la propiedad intelectual, Derecho Económico Actual.
  • UNCTAD (1997), The TRIPS Agreement and Developing Countries, Geneva.
  • Roffe, Pedro (1998), Control of Anti-competitive Practices in Contractual Licenses under the TRIPS Agreement, Correa y A Yusuf, Intellectual property and International Trade: The TRIPS Agreement, Kluwer Law International.
  • Roffe, Pedro (1999), The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), transfer of technology and foreign direct investment, The New Millennium, Intellectual Property and the Least Developed Countries, WIPO, Geneva.
  • Roffe, Pedro (2000), The political economy of intellectual property rights - an historical perspective, Governance, Development and Globalization J. Faundez, M.E. Footer and Joseph J. Norton (eds.), Blackstone Press Ltd., U.K.
  • S. Patel, P. Roffe and A. Yusuf (eds.) (2000), International Technology Transfer: The Origins and Aftermath of the United Nations Negotiations on a Draft Code of Conduct,  Kluwer International, London.
  • Pedro Roffe and Taffere Tesfachew  (2000), The Unfinished Agenda, in International Technology Transfer, The Origins and Aftermath of the United Nations Negotiations on a Draft Code of Conduct, Kluwer International, London, at p. 381.
  • Pedro Roffe and Taffere Tesfachew (2002), Revisiting the Technology Transfer Debate: Lessons for the New WTO Working Group, BRIDGES, ICTSD, Vol.6, N°2, February.
  • Roffe, Pedro (2004), Bilateral agreements and a TRIPS-plus world: the Chile-USA Free Trade Agreement, Quaker International Affairs Programme, Ottawa, TRIPS Issues Papers 4, www.qiap.ca , www.geneva.quno.info.
  • Roffe, Pedro (2005), Technology Transfer on the International Agenda, International Public Goods and Transfer of Technology Under A Globalized Intellectual Property Regime, Edited by Keith E. Maskus & Jerome H. Reichman. Cambridge University Press.
  • UNCTAD-ICTSD (2005), Resource Book on TRIPS and Development, Cambridge University Press (2005).
  • Pedro Roffe and Christoph Spenneman (2006), The Impact of Free Trade Agreements on Public Health Policies and TRIPS Flexibilities, International Journal of Intellectual Property Management, Volume 1 - Issue 1/2.
  • Roffe, Pedro & Maximiliano Santa Cruz (2006), Los Derechos de propiedad intelectual en los acuerdos de libre comercio celebrados por países de América Latina con países desarrollados, CEPAL, Serie Comercio Internacional 70.
  • Roffe, Pedro (2006), La propiedad intelectual y la agenda económica internacional: EL papel de América Latina, La Ley, Buenos Aires.
  • Roffe, Pedro (2006), Intellectual property provisions in bilateral and regional trade agreements: the challenges of implementation, CIEL.
  • Pedro Roffe, Christoph Spennemman and Johanna von Braun (2006), From Paris to Doha: The WTO Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, Negotiating Health: Intellectual Property and Access to Medicines, Ed. Pedro Roffe, Geoff Tansey and David Vivas-Eugui, Earthscan Publishers.
  • Pedro Roffe, Geoff Tansey and David Vivas-Eugui editors (2006), Negotiating Health: Intellectual Property and Access to Medicines, Ed. Earthscan Publishers.
  • Pedro Roffe (2007), Chile and the US Priority Watch List: Some Considerations, Bridges-ICTSD, No. 2, April, p. 17.
  • Pedro Roffe, Johanna von Braun and David Vivas-Eugui (2008), A New Generation of Regional and Bilateral Trade Agreements: Lessons from the US-CAFTA-DR Agreement, Trade and Health: Seeking Common Ground (ed. Chantal Blouin et al), McGuill-Queen’s University Press.
  • Pedro Roffe and David Vivas-Eugui (2007), A Shift in Intellectual Property Policy in US FTAs?, Bridges-ICTSD, No. 5 | August, p. 15.
  • Pedro Roffe and Maximiliano Santa Cruz (2007), Intellectual Property Rights and Sustainable Development: A Survey of Major Issues, United Nations Publication, LC/W.161.
  • Pedro Roffe and David Vivas with Error! Contact not defined. (2007), Maintaining Policy Space for Development: A case study on IP Technical Assistance in FTAs, ICTSD, Issue Paper No.19.
  • Pedro Roffe (2007), L’Accord ADPIC et le transfert de technologie: Une perspective de l’Amerique Latine, L’Accord ADPIC: dix ans après, B. Remiche & J. Kors (editores), larcier, Belgique.
  • Pedro Roffe (2008), Bringing Minimum Global Intellectual Property Standards into Agriculture: The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), Future Control of Food: An essential guide to international negotiations and rules on Intellectual Property, biodiversity and food security, Edited by G. Tansey & T. Rajotte, IDRC-QIAP, Ottawa.
  • Pedro Roffe and Christoph Spenneman (2008), Control of Anti-competitive Practices in Contractual Licenses under the TRIPS Agreement, Intellectual Property and International Trade: The TRIPS Agreement, Ed. Carlos M. Correa, Kluwer Law, 2nd edition.
  • Pedro Roffe (2008), La Cuestion De La “Materia Existente” y Los Productos Farmaceuticos: Una Interpretacion del Articulo 70 Del ADPIC a La Luz De Su Contexto, Objeto, Fin y Circunstancias, Salud pública y patentes farmacéuticas,  Cuestiones de economía, política y derecho, Xavier Seuba Hernández (coordinator), J.M. Bosch Editor.
  • Pedro Roffe and Gina Vea (2009), The WIPO Development Agenda in an Historical and Political Context, The Development Agenda: Global Intellectual Property And Developing Countries, Edited by Neil W. Netanel, Oxford University Press, pp.79-109.
  • Maximiliano Santa Cruz and Pedro Roffe (2009), A review of recent developments at the multilateral level with respect to intellectual property and the pharmaceutical industry, Journal of Generic Medicines 6, 323–331. doi:10.1057/jgm.2009.23.
  • Pedro Roffe y Luis Mariano Genovesi (2009), Propuesta De Estrategia y Plan De Acción: Implementación Del Acuerdo De Promoción Comercial Con Los EEUU. en el  Área De Propiedad Intelectual, IDB, Washington DC, Informe Final.
  • Ricardo Melendez-Ortiz and Pedro Roffe, editors (2009), Intellectual Property and Sustainable Development: Development Agendas in a Changing World, Elgar Intellectual Property and Global Development.
  • Roffe, Pedro (2010), Intellectual Property, development concerns and developing countries, in Faundez, Julio and Celine Tan (2010), International Economic Law, Globalization and Developing Countries, Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, pp. 307-330.
  • Pedro Roffe (2010), La vieja y recurrente controversia sobre la transferencia internacional de tecnología: quo vadis?, Anuario Andino de Propiedad Intelectual en Anuario Andino de Derechos Intelectuales N° 6, (Perú).
  • Pedro Roffe, Christoph Spennemann and Johanna von Braun (2010). Intellectual Property Rights in Free Trade Agreements: moving beyond TRIPS minimum standards, Research Handbook on the Protection of Intellectual Property under WTO Rules (ed Carlos M. Correa), Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Pedro Roffe and Christoph Spenneman (2010), Canada – Patent Protection of Pharmaceutical Products, Research Handbook on the Interpretation and Enforcement of Intellectual Property under WTO Rules (ed Carlos M. Correa) Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Pedro Roffe y Mariano Genovesi (2011), Implementación y Administración de los Capítulos de Propiedad Intelectual en los Acuerdos de Libre Comercio con los Estados Unidos: La Experiencia de Cuatro Países de América Latina, Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, Vicepresidencia de Sectores y Conocimiento Sector de Integración y Comercio, Inter-American Development Bank, Sector of Integration and Trade, POLICY BRIEF (No. IDB-PB-129).
  • Padmashree Gehl Sampath and Pedro Roffe (2012), Unpacking the International Technology Transfer Debate: Fifty Years and Beyond, ICTSD, Issue Paper No.36.
  • Pedro Roffe and Christoph Spenneman (forthcoming 2013), Preferential Trade Agreements and Intellectual Property Rights, The Economics of IPRs and Innovation, Knowledge, and Technology Transfer (eds. Joseph Stiglitz, Giovanni Dosi, Jerome Reichman, Mario Cimoli, Keith Maskus).
  • Pedro Roffe (forthcoming 2013), The intellectual property chapters in free trade agreements: their significance and systemic implications, Max Planck Institute, Munich.