Climate Change Mitigation Policies in Selected OECD Countries
Trade and Development Implications for Developing Countries
by Diarmuid Torney, Moustapha Kamal Gueye
Trade Supported Strategies for Sustainable Development Series • Issue Paper 8
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Many governments around the world are adopting progressively more demanding policies and measures in an attempt to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Activity to date has been patchy and slow, and many governments are failing to live up to past commitments. It is unlikely, for example, that many Parties to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol will manage to achieve their GHG emission reduction or limitation targets. Nonetheless, policies to mitigate climate change are becoming increasingly widespread, especially among countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and such policies have increasingly obvious ramifications on trade competitiveness and development in developing countries. However, many developing country trade policy-makers and negotiators remain on the fringe of the climate change debate. This paper seeks to provide trade negotiators and policy-makers with an overview of domestic climate change measures being implemented or considered in OECD countries that may have trade and development implications for developing countries. The paper focuses on a group of selected OECD countries: Australia, Canada, the European Union, Japan and the United States. In the case of several of the countries, legislative proposals are still under consideration.
Therefore, this paper aims to give a “snapshot” of the current state of play along with an indication of the policy process towards adoption of climate change mitigation programmes in the countries concerned. Having given a broad overview of the climate change mitigation policies enacted orunder consideration in the countries listed above, this paper focuses on five key issues as they relate to the trade and development concerns of developing countries.
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