Bridges Trade BioRes Review

Volume 2 • Number 3 October 2008

  • Trade and Climate Change on the Road to Copenhagen 2009
    There is now wide recognition among policy-makers and the public at large that the international community must reach a global agreement on climate change that will help stabilise global greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent further dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. There is also great recognition of the…
  • Seals of approval: Eco-labelling and sustainable fisheries
    Global fish stocks are in distress: one-quarter of the world’s stocks are overexploited, depleted, or recovering from depletion, one-half are fully exploited and at or close to their sustainable limits, and 69 percent of the world’s major fish species are in decline. If fisheries continue on this trend of poor management, global fish stocks risk…
  • Tit for tat: Agbiotech intellectual property and corporate social responsibility
    Intellectual property rules were originally established to balance private and public interest with regard to inventions. When it comes to the area of agbiotech, this balance can be influenced by certain regulatory or biological processes. While firms appeal for new approaches to extend/restore their rights, they would also do well in taking measures aimed at…
  • The unspeakable economics of ABS
    Economics is abstract but not unfathomable. The truth of that statement can be seen in the attempt to elaborate a multilateral regime for ‘access and benefit sharing’ – ABS for short – at the ninth conference of the parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity held in May. ‘Access’ refers to a piece of the action…
  • Negotiations on disclosure of origin requirement under scrutiny
    Over the past decade, the misappropriation of genetic resources and traditional knowledge has emerged as an issue of global concern. Yet gaining international recognition for the need to effectively address such misappropriation and adequately protect traditional knowledge remains a major challenge for developing countries, which hold the majority of the world’s genetic resources and traditional…
  • Impact of climate change on food security in times of high food and energy prices
    Climate change and the drive to produce biofuels are two major factors redefining the world food equation and having an enormous impact on the food security of poor people. Attributed directly or indirectly to human activity, climate change puts additional pressure on already overexploited natural resources, negatively affecting crop yields, stability of food supplies, and…
  • Trade and development responses to climate adaptation challenges
    Least-developed countries (LDCs) and small and vulnerable economies (SVEs), including Small Island Developing States (SIDS), face particularly difficult climate change and trade challenges. Their economies are often underdeveloped and reliant on a few key sectors and commodities, heightening their vulnerability to the impacts of climate change. For these countries to successfully adapt to, and develop…
  • In Brief
  • ICTSD update: Fisheries in the ACP-EU EPA negotiations
    Fisheries are an important source of employment, export revenue and food security in many African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries – and the EU is their main trading partner in this sector. Negotiations of Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), which will replace unilateral trade preferences currently offered by the EU with reciprocal preferences, are ongoing. The…
  • Europe looking at major fishery policy shakeup
    Blockades, strikes, demonstrations, and closed ports characterized much of the summer throughout Europe as fishermen across the continent protested the negative impacts that high diesel fuel prices have had on their already struggling industry. Rising oil prices have pushed the cost of marine diesel up by 30 percent this year and 320 percent over…